# <img align="left" alt="logo" src="assets/logo.png" /> Harmonex

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[<img alt="Hex release" src="" />][Hex-release]

This is a collection of tools for music theory called _Harmonex_ (pronounced

**See what’s changed lately by reading [the project history][project-history].**

## Usage

Pitches and intervals are the two main constructs available in _Harmonex_ at

You can refer to a **pitch** using any of the following styles of expressions:

* An **atom** representing a pitch class (A♮ in an unspecified octave), for
  - `:a`, or
  - `:a_natural`
* A **map** representing a pitch class (A𝄫 in an unspecified octave) or a pitch
  (A𝄫₄), for example:
  - `%{natural_name: :a, accidental: :double_flat}`, or
  - `%{natural_name: :a, accidental: :double_flat, octave: 4}`
* A **struct** representing a pitch class (A♯ in an unspecified octave) or a
  pitch (A♯₋₁) — constructed using `` — for example:
  - ``, or
  - `, :sharp)`, or
  - `, -1)`, or
  - `, :sharp, -1)`, or
  - `{natural_name: :a, accidental: :sharp, octave: -1})`

You can refer to an **interval** using either of the following styles of

* A **map** representing an interval (a doubly-diminished ninth), for example:
  `%{quality: :doubly_diminished, size: 9}`
* A **struct** representing an interval (a perfect unison) — constructed using
  `` — for example:
  - `, 1)`, or
  - `{quality: :perfect, size: 1})`

### What can you do with _Harmonex_?

Its functions can answer elementary textbook music theory questions such as:

* **Are C♯ and D♭ enharmonically equivalent pitches?**  
  _Answer:_ `Harmonex.Pitch.enharmonic?(:c_sharp, :d_flat) == true`  
  **What about B♯₄ and C₅?**  
  _Answer:_ `Harmonex.Pitch.enharmonic?(, 4),, 5)) == true`
* **What are the enharmonic equivalents of F𝄪?**  
  `Harmonex.Pitch.enharmonics(:f_double_sharp) == [:g_natural, :a_double_flat]`
* **How far apart, in semitones, are the pitches A♭ and D♯?**  
  _Answer:_ `Harmonex.Pitch.semitones(:a_flat, :d_sharp) == 5`  
* **How far across in semitones is a doubly augmented second?**  
  _Answer:_ `Harmonex.Pitch.interval(:c_flat, :d_sharp) |>
  Harmonex.Interval.semitones == 4`  
  `Harmonex.Interval.semitones(%{quality: :doubly_augmented, size: 2}) == 4`
* **What is the interval between the pitches F♮ and B𝄫?**  
  `Harmonex.Pitch.interval(:f, :b_double_flat) == %Harmonex.Interval{quality:
  :diminished, size: 4}`  
  `Harmonex.Interval.from_pitches(:f, :b_double_flat) ==
  %Harmonex.Interval{quality: :diminished, size: 4}`
* **Is a minor ninth enharmonically narrower or wider than a
  doubly-augmented octave?**  
  `, 9),, 8)) == :lt`

### Functionality still under development

* **What is the key signature of G harmonic minor?**  
  _Answer:_ two flats, one sharp — B♭, E♭, and F♯.
* **What keys and modes have the signature of three sharps?**  
  _Answer:_ A major/Ionian, B Dorian, C♯ Phrygian, D Lydian, E Mixolydian, F♯
  minor/Aeolian, and G♯ Locrian.
* **Does A♮ occur diatonically in the key of E♭ minor?**  
  _Answer:_ no.
* **What are the pitches of the simplest voicing of a D♭ minor triad in
  second inversion?**  
  _Answer:_ A♭, D♭, and F♭.
* **What is the name and inversion of the chord described by the pitches C♮, F♯,
  and A♮?**  
  _Answer:_ F♯ diminished triad in second inversion.  
  **of the chord described by A♭, C, and F♯?**  
  _Answer:_ A♭ Italian sixth.  
  **of the chord described by B, D♯, E, and G♯?**  
  _Answer:_ E major seventh in second inversion.
* **What are the jazz chart symbols of the chords just mentioned?**  
  _Answer:_ F♯<sup>o</sup>/C, A♭<sup>7(no 5)</sup>, and E<sup>△7</sup>/B.
* **What is the functional-harmonic symbol of the chord described by the pitches
  C♮, E♮, F♯, and A♮ in C major?**  
  _Answer:_ vii<sup>ø3</sup><span style="position: relative; left: -1ex;"><sub>2</sub>/V.</span>  
  **of the chord described by A♭, C, and F♯ in C minor?**  
  _Answer:_ It<sup>6</sup>.  
  **of the chord described by B, D♯, E, and G♯ in E major?**  
  _Answer:_ I<sup>4</sup><span style="position: relative; left: -1ex;"><sub>3</sub>.

_Harmonex_ also will have functions for exploring compositional questions such

* **What is the set of triads and seventh chords, including enharmonic
  equivalents, that the keys of B Mixolydian and D Lydian have in common?**
* **What is the set of seventh chords, including enharmonic equivalents, that are
  within one degree of difference (by shifting one note by a half or whole step)
  from an F major seventh chord?**  
  **within two degrees?**  
* **What are sets of three-chord changes for modulating from the key of D minor
  to F♯ major?**  
  **four-chord changes?**  
  **five-chord changes?**

## Installation

Install [the Hex package][Hex-release] by adding `:harmonex` to the list of
dependencies in your project’s _mix.exs_ file:

# mix.exs

# ...
def deps do
  [{:harmonex, "~> 0.6.1"}]
# ...

## Contributing

To submit a patch to the project:

1. [Fork][fork-project] the official repository.
2. Create your feature branch: `git checkout -b my-new-feature`.
3. Commit your changes: `git commit -am 'Add some feature'`.
4. Push to the branch: `git push origin my-new-feature`.
5. [Create][compare-project-branches] a new pull request.

After cloning the repository, `mix deps.get` to install dependencies. Then
`mix test` to run the tests. You can also `iex` to get an interactive prompt that
will allow you to experiment. To build this package, `mix`.

To release a new version:

1. Update [the project history in _History.md_][project-history], and then
2. Update the version number in [_mix.exs_][mix-dot-exs-file] respecting
   [Semantic Versioning][Semantic-Versioning], update
   [the “Installation” section](#installation) of
   [this readme][readme-dot-md-file] to reference the new version, and then
3. Build and publish [the Hex package][Hex-release] with `mix hex.publish`.
4. Tag with a name like `vMAJOR.MINOR.PATCH` corresponding to the new version,
   and then push commits and tags.

## License

Released under the [MIT License][MIT-License].

[Travis-CI-build-status]:                                  "Travis CI build status for ‘Harmonex’"
[HexFaktor-deps-status]:                     "HexFaktor dependencies status for ‘Harmonex’"
[Coveralls-test-coverage-status]:                  "Coveralls test coverage status"
[Hex-release]:                                                  "Hex release of ‘Harmonex’"
[project-history]:                   "‘Harmonex’ project history"
[fork-project]:                                        "Fork the official repository of ‘Harmonex’"
[compare-project-branches]:                            "Compare branches of ‘Harmonex’ repositories"
[mix-dot-exs-file]:                     "‘Harmonex’ project ‘mix.exs’ file"
[readme-dot-md-file]:    "‘Harmonex’ project ‘’ file"
[MIT-License]:                        "MIT License claim for ‘Harmonex’"