# partial #

![Not actually curry.](doc/curry.jpg)

### Overview ###

This is an Erlang parse transform for partial function application, in the
spirit of [Scheme's

It enables the use of cuts to create anonymous functions with _some_
arguments applied. For instance:

Hex = partial:cut(integer_to_list(_, 16)).

Creates a single argument function which will convert integers to hexadecimal
strings. It is equivalent to:

Hex = fun (Integer) -> integer_to_list(Integer, 16) end.

A cute variant is also supplied, which is short for "cut evaluated". This
version evaluates the arguments supplied when it is declared, instead of when
it's called. For instance:

FormatNow = partial:cute(io:format("~w~n", [erlang:now()])).

Will always print the same timestamp when called, while:

FormatNow = partial:cut(io:format("~w~n", [erlang:now()])).

Will print the current timestamp.

To use this transform, add the following to the top of any module after adding
this library to your application:

-compile({parse_transform, partial}).

### Details ###

The transformations are implemented as a replacement of the marker functions
with fun expressions. Only direct literal calls to the marker functions are
found by the parse transform. Indirect calls, as Module:Function(...) or via
erlang:apply/3 are not detected or rewritten and will result in a run time

An underscore can only be used as a literal argument to the function to show
where unevaluated arguments will be inserted. The result of either transform
is _always_ a fun expression, even when no unevaluated arguments are

partial:cut/1 is implemented as a transformation from:

Fun = partial:cut(some_fun(X, Y, _)).


Fun = fun (Arg1) ->
	some_fun(X, Y, Arg1)

partial:cute/1 is implemented as a transformation from:

Fun = partial:cute(some_fun(X, Y, _)).


Fun = (fun () ->
	Arg1 = X,
	Arg2 = Y,
	fun (Arg3) ->
		some_fun(Arg1, Arg2, Arg3)

### Contributing ###

Please fork the repo and submit a PR. Tests are run via:

rebar3 eunit

Documentation is autogenerated using edown and edoc via:

rebar3 as markdown edoc

Some effort has been put into using only the erl_syntax (sometimes via merl)
interfaces to traverse and modify the parse tree. This was done in the hope of
those interfaces being more stable than the raw format, which is explicitely
not guaranteed by the documentation. Any PR which depends on erl_parse forms
will be asked to rewrite using erl_syntax forms.

The application has only been tested with Erlang/OTP 21 on Windows 10. Reports
of success (or failure!) on other versions and operating systems are

### Lineage ###

The most common syntactical element I miss in Erlang is the ability to easily
do partial function application. While researching existing solutions in
Erlang I came across this [erlando
issue]( from 2011, which I
thought had some pretty good ideas. Notably, I wanted the ability to use a
marker function to make use of the transform explicit and I wanted to severly
limit the scope of where cuts could be used in order to simplify reasoning
about them. As such, it's reasonable to think of this module as a less
powerful version of erlando's cut parse_transform.

The [datum
library]( also
contains a similar parse transform, which was used for reference.

### Attribution ###

Image by Cuklev

CC BY-SA 4.0 [``](

## Modules ##

<table width="100%" border="0" summary="list of modules">
<tr><td><a href="" class="module">partial</a></td></tr></table>