# ShieldedCache


ShieldedCache is a caching module for Elixir.

## What Makes It Special?
ShieldedCache enables a type of CDN Shielding on your cache that allows you to return stale results while simultaneously refreshing your data.
This allows you to always return data to your client incredibly fast after the first request is made, while still refreshing data in an async way to keep
subsequent requests fresh.

## Installation

If [available in Hex](, the package can be installed
by adding `shielded_cache` to your list of dependencies in `mix.exs`:

def deps do
    {:shielded_cache, ">= 0.0.0"}

Documentation can be generated with [ExDoc](
and published on [HexDocs]( Once published, the docs can
be found at [](

## Usage

To use the ShieldedCache, simply add `use ShieldedCache` along with the necessary options to the top of your module,
and define the `fetch/1` callback, which is used to fetch the data for the cache.

There are two options you must define: `cache_name` and `caching_module`, and one optional option, `ttl`.

`cache_name` is the identifier of your cache, and should be an atom (in the form of a module name, see the example below).

`caching_module` is the module used for cache storage. This module should conform to the `ShieldedCache.Cache` behaviour, which will enforce
the necessary functions for the cache, and what their return types should be.

`ttl` is the number of millisecods until the values in the cache expire, which defaults to `10_000`.

There are currently 3 caching modules built in to the `ShieldedCache` library: `ShieldedCache.Cache.LocalAgent`, `ShieldedCache.Cache.Redis`, and `ShieldedCache.Cache.RedixSingleton`.

If using `ShieldedCache.Cache.RedixSingleton`, you must also define a third option: `caching_module_name`. This defines the name of the `Redix` process that
you would like to use as your client to your Redis instance.

### `ShieldedCache.Cache.LocalAgent`

This caching module stores your caching data in an Elixir Agent process supervised by the cache supervisor.

### `ShieldedCache.Cache.Redis`

This caching module initializes a pool of `Redix` clients for the specified cache,
and stores your caching data in Redis.

#### Configuration Options

There are two configuration options available here: `redis_pool_size`, which defaults to 1, and `redis_url`, which defaults to `redis://localhost:6379`.

To configure these, add the following to your `config.exs`:

config :shielded_cache,
  redis_url: "<YOUR REDIS URL>",
  redis_pool_size: <YOUR REDIS POOL SIZE AS INTEGER>,

### `ShieldedCache.Cache.RedixSingleton`

This caching module assumes that you have already created a `Redix` client, and utilizes it when making calls to the cache.

If using this caching module, you must also define a third option to your cache: `caching_module_name`. This defines the name of the `Redix` process that
you would like to use as your client to your Redis instance.

### Simple Caching Example

The following is a simple caching module that uses the built in `ShieldedCache.Cache.LocalAgent` caching module.

defmodule ExampleShieldedCache do
  use ShieldedCache,
    cache_name: ExampleShieldedCache,
    caching_module: ShieldedCache.Cache.LocalAgent

  def fetch(cache_request) do
    {:ok, "WOW #{DateTime.utc_now()}"}