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`sysmon_handler` is an Erlang/OTP application that manages the event messages
that can be generated by the Erlang virtual machine's `system_monitor` BIF
(Built-In Function). These messages can notify a central data-gathering
process about the following events:

* Processes that have their private heaps grow beyond a certain size.
* Processes whose private heap garbage collection ops take too long
* Ports that are busy, e.g., blocking file & socket I/O
* Network distribution ports are busy, e.g., lots of communication
  with a slow peer Erlang node.

The problem with `system_monitor` events is that there isn't a mechanism within
the Erlang virtual machine that limits the rate at which the events are
generated. A busy VM can easily create many hundreds of these messages per
second. Some kind of rate-limiting filter is required to avoid further
overloading a system that may already be overloaded.

This app will use two processes for `system_monitor` message handling.

1. A `gen_server` process to provide a rate-limiting filter.
1. A `gen_event` server to allow flexible, user-defined functions to
respond to `system_monitor` events that pass through the first stage

There can be only one system_monitor process

The Erlang/OTP documentation is pretty clear on this point: only one process
can receive `system_monitor` messages. But using the `sysmon_handler` OTP app,
if multiple parties are interested in receiving `system_monitor` events, each
party can add an event handler to the `sysmon_handler` event handler.

The event handler process in this application uses the registered name
`sysmon_handler`. To add your handler, use something like:
`gen_event:add_sup_handler(sysmon_handler, yourModuleName,

See the [`gen_event` documentation for
for API details. See the example event handler module in the source repository,
`src/sysmon_handler_example_handler.erl`, for example usage.

Events sent to custom event handlers

The following events can be sent from the `sysmon_handler`
filtering/rate-limiting process (a.k.a. `sysmon_handler_filter`) to the
event handler process (a.k.a. `sysmon_handler`).

* `{monitor, pid(), atom(), term()}` ... These are
  `system_monitor` messages as they are received verbatim by the
  `sysmon_handler_filter` process. See the reference documentation for
  `erlang:system_monitor/2` for details.
* `{suppressed, proc_events | port_events, Num::integer()}` ... These
  messages inform your event handler that `Num` events of a certain type
  (`proc_events` or `port_events`) were suppressed in the last second
  (i.e. their arrival rate exceeded the configured rate limit).